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Liposuction Outer Chest

If You Are Considering Liposuction Outer Chest

Liposuction is a procedure that can help sculpt the body by removing unwanted fat from specific areas, including the abdomen, hips, buttocks, thighs, knees, upper arms, chin, cheeks and neck. During the past decade, liposuction, which is also known as "liposculpture", "lipoplasty" or "suction lipectomy," has benefited from several new refinements. Today, a number of new techniques, including ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty (UAL), the tumescent technique, and the super-wet technique, are helping many plastic surgeons to provide selected patients with more precise results and quicker recovery times.

The newest technique is called power-assisted liposculpture (PAL). It utilizes the sonication of UAL without the complications of burning the skin. Thus the final results are better. The recovery time, amount of swelling and pain is typically less with this technique than with UAL. Many surgeons do not yet have access to this new technology. Be sure to ask your surgeon about this technique.

Although no type of liposuction is a substitute for diet and exercise, liposuction can remove stubborn areas of fat that don't respond to traditional weight-loss methods. If you're considering liposuction, this brochure will give you a basic understanding of the procedure – that is, when it can help, how it is performed and how you might look and feel after surgery. It won't answer all of your questions, since much depends on your individual circumstances. Please ask Dr. Freedland if there is anything about the procedure you do not understand.

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The Best Candidate for Liposuction

To be a good candidate for liposuction, you must have realistic expectations about what the procedure can do for you. It's important to understand that liposuction can enhance your appearance and self-confidence, but it won't necessarily change your looks to match your ideal or cause other people to treat you differently. Before you decide to have surgery, think carefully about your expectations and discuss them with Dr. Freedland.

The best candidates for liposuction have firm, elastic skin with pockets of excess fat in certain areas. You should be physically healthy, psychologically stable and realistic in your expectations. Your age is not a major consideration; however, older patients may have diminished skin elasticity and may not achieve the same results as a younger patient with tighter skin.

Liposuction carries greater risk for individuals with medical problems such as diabetes, significant heart or lung disease, poor blood circulation, or those who have recently had surgery near the area to be contoured.

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All Surgery Carries Some Uncertainty And Risk

Thousands of these procedures are performed successfully each year. When done by a qualified plastic surgeon, the results are generally quite positive. Nevertheless, there are always risks associated with surgery and specific complications associated with this procedure.

Post-operative complications such as infection and blood clots are rare, but can occur. Infection can be treated with drainage and antibiotics, but will prolong your hospital stay. You can minimize the risk of blood clots by moving around as soon after the surgery as possible.

Poor healing, which results in conspicuous scars, may necessitate a second operation. Smokers should be advised to stop, as smoking may increase the risk of complications and delay healing. Often there is temporary loss of sensation, which may last up to a year after surgery.

You can reduce your risk of complications by closely following Dr. Freedland's instructions before and after the surgery, especially with regard to when and how you should resume physical activity.

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Planning Your Surgery

In your initial consultation, Dr. Freedland will evaluate your health, determine where your fat deposits lie and assess the condition of your skin. He will explain the body-contouring methods that may be most appropriate for you. For example, if you believe you want liposuction in the abdominal area, you may learn that an abdominoplasty or "tummy tuck" may more effectively meet your goals; or that a combination of PAL and abdominoplasty would be the best choice for you.

Be frank in discussing your expectations with Dr. Freedland. He will be equally frank with you, describing the procedure in detail and explaining its risks and limitations. He invites you to view Before and After photos of his patients.

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Getting The Answers You Need

Individuals considering liposuction often feel a bit overwhelmed by the number of options and techniques being promoted today. However, Dr. Freedland can help. In deciding which is the right treatment approach for you, Dr. Freedland will consider effectiveness, safety, cost and appropriateness for your needs. This is called surgical judgment, a skill that is developed through surgical training and experience. Dr. Freedland also uses this judgment to prevent complications; to handle unexpected occurrences during surgery; and to treat complications when they occur.

Dr. Freedland's education and training, which he received at the University of Michigan, has helped to form his surgical judgment. Patients are encouraged to consider a doctor certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery ("ABPS"). By choosing a plastic surgeon who is certified by the ABPS, a patient can be assured that the doctor has graduated from an accredited medical school and completed at least five years of additional residency - usually three years of general surgery (or its equivalent) and two years of plastic surgery. To be certified by the ABPS, a doctor must also practice surgery for two years and pass comprehensive written and oral exams.

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Preparing For Your Surgery

Dr. Freedland will give you specific instructions on how to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating and drinking, smoking, and taking or avoiding vitamins, iron tablets and certain medications. If you develop a cold or an infection of any kind, especially a skin infection, Dr. Freedland may have to postpone your surgery.

If you smoke, plan to quit at least two weeks before your surgery and not to resume for at least two weeks after your surgery. Avoid overexposure to the sun before surgery and do not go on a stringent diet, as both can inhibit your ability to heal. Though it is rarely necessary, Dr. Freedland may recommend that you have blood drawn ahead of time in case it is needed during surgery.

Whether your surgery is done on an outpatient or inpatient basis, you should arrange for someone to drive you home after your surgery, and to help you out for a day or two after you leave the hospital, if needed.

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Where Your Surgery Will Be Performed

Liposuction may be performed in a surgeon's office-based facility, in an outpatient surgery center, or in a hospital. Dr. Freedland feels a hospital provides the safest environment for your surgery and therefore performs almost all of his procedures at a JCAHO accredited hospital. The surgery is usually done on an outpatient basis; rarely does it require an inpatient stay.

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Types Of Anesthesia

Various types of anesthesia can be used for liposuction procedures. Together, you and Dr. Freedland will select the type of anesthesia that provides the most safe and effective level of comfort for your surgery.

If only a small amount of fat and a limited number of body sites are involved, liposuction can be performed under local anesthesia used along with intravenous sedation to keep you more relaxed during the procedure. However, most patients prefer general anesthesia, particularly if a large volume of fat is being removed. If general is to be utilized, a nurse anesthetist and an anesthesiologist (if the surgery is to be performed at a hospital) will be called in to make sure you are completely asleep during the procedure.

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The Surgery

The time required to perform liposuction may vary considerably, depending on the size of the area, the amount of fat being removed, the type of anesthesia and the technique used.

There are several liposuction techniques that can be used to improve the ease of the procedure and to enhance outcome.

Liposuction is a procedure in which localized deposits of fat are removed to re-contour one or more areas of the body. Through a tiny incision, a narrow tube or cannula is inserted and used to vacuum the fat layer that lies deep beneath the skin. The cannula is pushed then pulled through the fat layer, breaking up the fat cells and suctioning them out. A vacuum pump provides the suction action. If many sites are being treated, Dr. Freedland will then move on to the next area, working to keep the incisions as inconspicuous as possible.

Fluid is lost along with the fat, and it's crucial that this fluid be replaced during the procedure to prevent shock. For this reason, patients need to be carefully monitored and receive intravenous fluids during and immediately after surgery. This is why Dr. Freedland feels that a hospital setting is most appropriate for your surgery.


TECHNIQUE VARIATIONS
The basic technique of liposuction, as described above, is used in all patients undergoing this procedure. However, as the procedure has been developed and refined, several variations have been introduced.

Fluid Injection, a technique in which a medicated solution is injected into fatty areas before the fat is removed, is commonly used by plastic surgeons today. The fluid -- a mixture of intravenous salt solution, lidocaine (a local anesthetic) and epinephrine (a drug that contracts blood vessels) -- helps the fat be removed more easily, reduces blood loss and provides anesthesia during and after surgery. Fluid injection also helps to reduce the amount of bruising after surgery.

The amount of fluid that is injected varies depending on the preference of the surgeon. Large volumes of fluid -- sometimes as much as three times the amount of fat to be removed - are injected in the tumescent technique. Dr. Freedland prefers this technique, which gets its name from the swollen and firm or “tumesced” state of the fatty tissues when they are filled with solution. This technique often requires IV sedation or general anesthesia and typically takes one to two hours of surgery time.

The super-wet technique is similar to the tumescent technique, except that lesser amounts of fluid are used. Usually the amount of fluid injected is equal to the amount of fat to be removed.

Power-Assisted Lipoplasty (PAL), the most state-of-the-art technique, requires the use of a special cannula that pulses as it suctions. As it passes through the areas of fat, the energy vibrates and allows the fat cells to be more easily removed. It is used in conjunction with the traditional liposuction technique.

PAL has been shown to improve the ease and effectiveness of liposuction in fibrous areas of the body, such as the upper back or the enlarged male breast. It is also commonly used in secondary procedures, when enhanced precision is needed. In general, PAL takes less time and results in less pain and quicker recovery times than other, older techniques.

Ultrasound-Assisted Lipoplasty (UAL) requires the use of a special cannula that produces ultrasonic energy. As it passes through the areas of fat, the energy explodes the walls of the fat cells, liquefying the fat. The fat is then removed with the traditional liposuction technique.

UAL has been shown to improve the ease and effectiveness of liposuction in fibrous areas of the body, such as the upper back or the enlarged male breast as well. It is also commonly used in secondary procedures, when enhanced precision is needed. In general, UAL takes longer to perform than traditional liposuction and can result in burns to the skin.

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After Your Surgery

After surgery, you will likely experience some fluid drainage from the incisions. Occasionally, a small drainage tube may be inserted beneath the skin for a couple of days to prevent fluid build-up. To control swelling and to help your skin better fit its new contours, you may be fitted with a snug elastic garment to wear over the treated area for a few weeks. Dr. Freedland typically prescribes antibiotics to prevent infection.

Don't expect to look or feel great right after surgery. Even though the newer techniques are believed to reduce some post-operative discomforts, you may still experience some pain, burning, swelling, bleeding and temporary numbness. Pain can be controlled with medications prescribed by Dr. Freedland, though you may still feel stiff and sore for a few days.

It is normal to feel a bit anxious or depressed in the days or weeks following surgery. However, this feeling will subside as you begin to look and feel better.

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Getting Back To Normal

Healing is a gradual process. Dr. Freedland will tell you to start walking around as soon as possible to reduce swelling and to help prevent blood clots from forming in your legs. You will begin to feel better after about a week or two and you should be back at work within a few days following your surgery. The stitches are removed or dissolve on their own within the first week to 10 days.

Activity that is more strenuous should be avoided for about a month as your body continues to heal. Although most of the bruising and swelling usually disappears within three weeks, some swelling may remain for six months or more.

Dr. Freedland will schedule follow-up visits to monitor your progress and to see if any additional procedures are needed.

If you have any unusual symptoms between visits -- for example, heavy bleeding or a sudden increase in pain -- or any questions about what you can and can't do, call Dr. Freedland. Dr. Freedland can instruct you on skin care products that can help make your scars less visible.

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Your New Look

You will see a noticeable difference in the shape of your body quite soon after surgery. However, improvement will become even more apparent after about four to six weeks, when most of the swelling has subsided. After about three months, any persistent mild swelling usually disappears and the final contour will be visible.

If your expectations are realistic, you will probably be very pleased with the results of your surgery. You may find that you are more comfortable in a wide variety of clothes and more at ease with your body. And, by eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise, you can help to maintain your new shape.

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